If you own a new cat, you will surely be looking for more information on how to organize everything about this cat, whether it is a big or small cat, so all you have to do is read this topic for important nutrition tips to help keep your new companion in good health.
Foods a cat needs:
Food is understood to mean the materials obtained from the food and used by the animal as a source of energy and as part of the metabolic mechanism necessary for the growth of its body and to prevent any deficiency linked to the disease, and cats should be able to get all the nutrients they need from high quality food, which are set with special standards.
Dietary tips for a cat:
If you are responsible for caring for kittens in the first few weeks of their lives, you must be prepared to convert them from milk-based diet to solid food, as if they were a baby, and here you will find some tips that will make you do it properly:
1. Newborn kittens receive full nutrition from their mother’s milk in the first four weeks of their life. The mother’s milk may be ideal for their needs, so you do not need to feed them anything else.
2. In the case that the mother cat is sick or does not produce enough milk, or if there are orphan cats, it may be necessary at that time to feed the cats milk replacer, which is commercial milk, but if you find yourself in this situation, you must contact the veterinarian to receive suitable recommendations in terms of product and method of feeding itself.
3. During the first weeks of your cat’s life, her body weight will increase two or three times and this rapid growth will continue at a diminishing rate until maturity, and it requires large amounts of energy and nutrients, but in balanced quantities to support this amazing growth.
4. Small cats need large amounts of energy about 2-3 times that of big cats, and they need about 30% of the total energy from protein, so make sure that the food you provide is intended for their age, which is preferred for them until the age of a full year.
5. When the kittens are about 5-6 weeks old, they must be trained to chew dry high-quality foodstuffs while they are still feeding on the mother cat’s milk, then gradually introduce the food to train the cat to eat and this process is called weaning.
6. At first, you will notice that the kittens are very curious, they want to play with their food rather than eat it, but the older the cat, the more it realizes that it is supposed to eat this food, and not just play with it.
When are kittens weaned?
The weaning process usually begins in cats at about four weeks of age, and usually ends when it reaches eight or ten weeks. Generally, when the kitten’s eyes begin to become open and able to focus, and be steady on his feet you can safely introduce solid food, and the weaning process usually lasts between four to six weeks, and with most cats they wean completely at eight or ten weeks of age.
How to start the weaning process:
It is important to remember that the separation of the kitten from the mother cat can have a negative impact on the kittens and on their health and social upbringing, as from their cat mother they learn skills such as eating, using the litter box and playing, and other things they acquire through watching their mother. During the weaning process, kittens should live with their mother as much as possible.
Feeding big cats:
Big cats should be provided with sufficient, high-quality, nutritious food to meet their energy needs. The amount of food is due to the size and energy of the cat, which varies greatly between cats and plays an important role in determining calories, And you must always allow the cat to have free access to fresh and clean water, and the water dishes must be cleaned every day. Remember big cats recover quickly from any surgery with great nutritional needs, so you should talk to your veterinarian about adjusting your cat’s diet during periods of illness and recovery.
Cats begin to show clear age-related changes between 7-12 years old, there are many things that change such as metabolism rates, immune system, body composition and the occurrence of many changes in it, and in fact these changes are inevitable, and some can be managed. With a diet.
The main goal of feeding senior cats should be to keep them healthy and watch their weight, delay the onset of chronic diseases, as the older the cat gets older the health problems arise, including:
Degradation of the skin and fur
Loss of muscle mass
Intestinal problems Arthritis
Obesity Dental problems
Decreased ability to fight infection
Therefore, the routine care of elderly catss should include continuous routine veterinary check-ups to assess the presence or progression of any chronic diseases.
Cats and obesity:
Obesity is a very common problem in cats, as is the case with humans, and obesity can be harmful to the cat’s health, and being overweight can put the cat at risk of diabetes, liver problems and joint pain, and the development to obesity comes when energy consumption exceeds its energy needs. The excess energy is stored in the form of fat, and you, as a cat owner, must be fully aware of the feeling of the cat’s spine, and you must also feel his ribs in order to notice any excess fat.
It is advisable to consult your cat’s veterinarian before starting a weight loss program, which should include these key areas such as:
Overweight cats consume more calories than they need, and here working with the veterinarian will determine his caloric needs and determine the appropriate food and how much food, because his diet must contain a normal level of moderately fermented fiber and a type of fat that prevents the skin and fur from worsening during weight loss.